Tabataba'i 1 reports from the Tafsir Burhan that reported from Shaykh al-Saduq who reported a tradition from Abi Bassir who said: "Imam Sadeq said, concerning the interpretation of this verse, that: 'By God, the ta'wil of this verse has not yet been revealed, and will not be revealed until the rise of the al-Qa'im (Mahdi). When he rises, there will be no disbeliever in God or enemy of the Imams left, unless they are annoyed at the rise of the Imam (because he will put them up against the wall so that no one will escape). Even if a disbeliever hides behind a rock, the rock will say: 'O believers, there is a non-believer hiding behind me, break me and kill him.'" 2 The author says: "Such a tradition is also reported by al-`Ayyashi from Abi al-Muqaddam from Abi Ja'far (fifth Imam) and also from Sama'ah from Imam Sadiq (sixth Imam). Shaykh Tabarsi also reported it from Abi Ja'far. In the Tafsir al-Qummi it is reported that this verse was revealed about the al-Qa'im ale Muhammad (Mahdi) which means that the rise of
1 AI Mizan : Vol. 9 p. 315
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the Imam is the ta'wil of this verse as we saw in the tradition reported from al-Saduq."
The author then reports from the Sunnite sources: "It is reported in the al-Durr al-Manthur that Sa'id ibn Manthur, ibn Manzar, and Bayhaki reported in their Sunan from Jabir who said in the commentary of this verse: "What is said in the verse will not be realised unless there is no Jew or Christian or follower of any other religion apart from Islam left in the world, and also when sheep and wolves, lions and cows or humans and snakes will live together in peace and safety, and when mice no longer make holes in food sacks, and when taxes deducted from non-Muslims are eradicated, and crosses are destroyed and pigs are killed; and this will occur when `Isa ibn Maryam descends from heaven." Tabataba'i explains: "The reason for the abolition of taxes deductible from non-Muslims is that there will be no need for such taxes any more at that time. There are also other traditions concerning the fact that there will be no more non-Muslims left in the world. Also there are traditions which say that during the time of the Mahdi, he will abolish taxes levied on non-Muslims."