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Mahdi In The Qur'an

3-B) Tafsir Al-Mizan By Allama Tabataba'i

 

The author of al-Mizan 2 reports from the work al-Durr al-Manthur a tradition reported from Hakim (who considers the tradition as authentic) who reported it from Abu Hurayra who says that the Prophet of God said: "In the future, a man will come out from Damascus who will be called Sufyani, and the totality of his followers will be from the tribe of Kalb; he will start to kill and massacre, he will even open the women's 

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1 Ñæí Úä ÍÐíÝÉó ÇÈä ÇáÇíãÇä Úä ÇáäÈí (Õ) : Ð˜Ñ ÝÊäÉ Ê˜æä Èíä Çåá ÇáãÔÑÞ æ ÇáãÛÑÈ ÞÇá ÝÈíäÇ åã ˜ÐᘠíÎÑÌ Úáíåã ÇáÓÝíÇäí ãä æÇÏí ÇáíÇÈÓ Ýí ÝæÑ ÐᘠÍÊí íäÒá ÏãÔÞ ÝíÈÚË ÌíÔíä ÌíÔÇ Çáí ÇáãÔÑÞ æ ÂÎÑ Çáí ÇáãÏíäÉ ÍÊí íäÒáæÇ ÈÃÑÖ ÈÇÈá ãä ÇáãÏíäÉ ÇáãáÚæäÉ íÚäí ÈÛÏÇÏ ÝíÞÊáæä ØËÑ ãä ËáÇËÉ ÂáÇÝ æ íÝÖÍæä ØËÑ ãä ãÇÆÉ ÅãÑÃÉ æ íÞÊáæä ÈåÇ ËáÇËãÇÆÉ ˜ÈÔ ãä Èäí ÇáÚÈÇÓ Ëã íäÍÏÑæä Çáí Çá˜æÝÉ ÝíÎÑÈæä ãÇ ÍæáåÇ Ëã íÎÑÌæä ãÊæÌåíä Çáí ÇáÔÇã ÝíÎÑÌ ÑÇíÉ ÇáåÏí ãä Çá˜æÝÉ ÝíáÍÞ ÐᘠÇáÌíÔ ÝíÞÊáæäåã áÇíÝáÊ ãäåã ãÎÈÑ æ íÓÊäÞÐæä ãÇ Ýí ÃíÏíåã ãä ÇáÓÈí æÇáÛäÇÆã æ íÍá ÇáÌíÔ ÇáËÇäí ÈÇáãÏíäÉ ÝíäÊåÈæäåÇ ËáÇËÉ ÃíÇã ÈáíÇáíåÇ Ëã íÎÑÌæä ãÊæÌåíä Çáí ã˜É ÍÊí ÅÐÇ ˜ÇäæÇ ÈÇáÈíÏÇÁ ÈÚË Ç... ÌÈÑÇÆíá ÝíÞæá íÇ ÌÈÑÇÆíá ÇÐåÈ æ ÝÇÈÏåã ÝíÖÑÈåÇ ÈÑÌáå ÖÑÈÉ íÎÓÝ Ç... Èåã ÚäÏåÇ æ áÇ íÝáÊ ãäåã ÅáÇ ÑÌáÇä ãä ÌåíäÉ ÝáÐᘠÌÇÁ ÇáÞæá æ ÚäÏ ÌåíäÉ ÇáÎÈÑ ÇáíÞíä.

 

2 Al-Mizan, Vol.16, p.592 

 

 

wombs, and will assassinate the children, until the tribe of Qays will rise against him, and he will end up killing Qays, and he will not leave a place free of his oppression and violence. At that moment, a man from my Household will come out and will reach Sufyani and will send his army to suppress Sufyani and his army, and finally he will put him to flight, defeating him and his army. Sufyani and his followers will then travel to Bayda and, in that place, they will have an accident and be swallowed up by the earth and none of them will remain but one person among them who will describe for people what happened." Tabataba'i adds: "This tradition has been reported from the Sunnites many times whether in detail or briefly, and was reported from several chains of transmitters from ibn 'Abbas, ibn Mas'ud, Hudhayfah, Abu Hurayra, the grandfather of `Amr ibn Shu'ayb, Umm Salama, Safiyya, `Aa'isha, and Hafsa (the Prophet's wives), and Nufayra (the wife of Qa'qa'), and also from Sa'id ibn Jubayr".

 

And, concerning the Shi'ite sources, Tabataba'i then reports from the Tafcir Qummi that it is written: "My father reported a tradition to me from ibn Abi 'Umayr, who reported it from Mansur ibn Younus, who reported it from Abi Khalil Kabuli that Imam Abi Ja'far said: I swear by God! It is as if I am right now seeing the al-Qa'im who is leaning against the Hajar (al-Hajar al-Aswad = the black stone) and is inviting people in the name of God to maintain his Right, and then he is saying: 'O people, whoever talks with me about God, know the best about Him. O people, whoever talks to me about 

 

 

Adam, I know the best about him and I am the closest to him. O people, whoever talks to me about Nuh (Noah), I know more than anyone the best about him. O people, whoever talks to me about Ibrahim (Abraham), I am closer to Ibrahim than anyone else is. O people, whoever talks to me about Musa (Moses), I know the best about him. O people, whoever talks to me about `Isa (Jesus), I am closer to `Isa than anyone else is. O people, whoever talks to me about Muhammad, I am closer to Muhammad than anyone else is and I know him the best. O people, whoever talks to me about the Book of God, I am closer to the Book of God than anyone else.' At that moment, he will get closer to the Maqam Ibrahim (sanctuary of Abraham) and will perform two-rak'a prayers and will swear by God as to his truthfulness.' Imam Abi Ja'far then said: 'By God, he is the one in distress in the Qur'an 27: 62; Or, Who listens to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and Who relieves its suffering, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah? Little it is that ye heed! 1 The first one to pledge allegiance to him will be Gabriel and then three hundred and thirteen people; among them, some will do their best to find their way to him and will finally be successful, and those who will not be able to reach him in this way will disappear from their beds... and this is also the meaning of the 

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1 Ããä íÌíÈ ÇáãÖØÑ ÅÐÇ ÏÚÇå æ í˜ÔÝ ÇáÓæÁ æ íÌÚá˜ã ÎáÝÇÁ ÇáÃÑÖ ÃÇáå ãÚ Ç... ÞáíáÇ ãÇ ÊИÑæä 

 

 

Qur'an 2: 148; To each is a goal to which Allah turns him; then strive together (as in a race) towards all that is good. Wheresoever ye are, Allah will bring you together. For Allah hath power over all things. 1' The Imam continues: 'The meaning of good deeds (al-khayrat) is the Love for the Ahl alBayt (Wilaya) and also in the verse 'If We delay the penalty for them for a definite term, they are sure to say, "What keeps it back?" Ah! On the day it (actually) reaches them, nothing will turn it away from them, and they will be completely encircled by that which they used to mock at!' [8:11], the meaning of `ummatin ma 'dudah ' refers to the Companions of the al-Qa 'im (Mahdi) who will gather together in one place within an hour. When the al-Qa 'im reaches the land of Bayda, the army of Sufyani will stand in rank in front of him, and then God will order the earth to swallow up their feet and absorb them."

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